The main way to treat schizophrenia is through medicine. The treatments used are particularly effective for positive symptoms, whereas they don’t work that well with the negative ones. This drugs are not going to cure schizophrenia, and sometimes they might have some undesirable side effects, but they can allow a patient to live a more normal life.
The most commonly prescribed drugs are the antipsychotics, which are thought to control the symptoms by affecting the brain neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin. On the other hand, the conventional antipsychotics or typical ones can have significant neurological side effects that may or may not be reversible. Some of this drugs are Chlorpromazine, Fluphenazine, Haloperidol and Perphenazine.
There are many antipsychotics that work really well, but their efficiency always depends on the patient. That is why it is really important for the patient to let know his doctor how is he feeling with the treatment, if there are any side effects or if it’s really working.
Now a days, there is a newer second-generation medication called atypical antipsychotics. These are preferred because they pose a lower risk of serious side effects than do conventional medications. Some of them are: Aripiprazole, Clozapine, Olanzapine, etc.
Other medications can also help, such as antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications. But that is always up to the psychiatrist and the patient on their effort to find the best combination.
Added to the medical treatment, different types of psychotherapy, social skills training or family therapy can be offered.
This medical care is complemented when the goal of social reinsertion (school or professional life) is attained, this will allow the patient to maintain a level of socialization that will create a balance.