Type 2 diabetes treatment

The treatment of type 2 diabetes aims at keeping the blood sugar level stable. The most important part of the treatment is to learn how to read and control your symptoms through your diet, exercise, medicine and blood glucose testing.


Living with type 2 diabetes means you have to control your health carefully for the rest of your life. Type 2 diabetes cannot be cured and it is quite sensitive to outbreaks. Fortunately you will have a care team to help you find a balance.

How to treat type 2 diabetes?

Most type 2 diabetes patients will have to make lifestyle changes when diagnosed. Since it is often connected to obesity, many patients will have to eat healthier, exercise more and loose weight. This in itself could prove enough to keep your blood sugar at a stable level and no further treatment is necessary.

Since type 2 diabetes tends to worsen over time, diet and exercise might not cut it in the long run. At some point it will most likely be necessary to start taking medication to help sustain the blood sugar level. Usually it will include some tablets and/or insulin injections. The most important part of taking the medicine is to have a routine that allows you to take it at the same time every day.

In order to track the development in your diabetes, your doctor will make regular readings of your blood glucose levels. This test is known as the HbA1c test. On a daily basis you may be advised to monitor your blood glucose levels. Not all type 2 diabetes patients are advised to do the home monitoring though. Patients who should monitor their blood levels have a blood glucose meter, a device measuring the level of glucose in your blood. Monitoring the blood glucose levels can prevent many Hypo-and hyperglycemic incidences and help keep the blood glucose levels stable.

Source: NHS

Last updated: 22/04/2019

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