Fibromyalgia fact sheet

Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition characterised by diffuse muscular pains or sensations of burning from the head to the toes, accompanied by profound fatigue.

Fibromyalgia: What is It?

The origin of this disease is unknown. Etymologically speaking, the term fibromyalgia consists of “fibro” for fibrosis, “myo” for muscle and “algia” for pain.

Due to the difficulties involved in diagnosing fibromyalgia and treating this pathology, since its cause remains unknown, the HAS (French High Authority of Health) drafted a report in 2010 detailing the onset of fibromyalgia, its importance and its treatment options. Fibromyalgia is a diagnosis of elimination: patients are diagnosed based on the persistence of symptoms and the absence of another disease identified, and biological and radiological anomalies.

It is also known as fibromyalgia syndrome. It is the combination of a number of symptoms, with the main symptom being extensive and diffuse, lasting, fluctuating chronic pain, which can be made worse upon exertion. This pain is accompanied in particular by fatigue, difficulty sleeping, memory and concentration problems, depression and anxiety.

Source: NHS

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