What is obesity?
From a medical point of view, obesity is defined as “an excess of weight through an increase in the mass of adipose tissue”.
Adipose tissue has two ways of storing fat:
- Increasing the quantity stored in each of the fat cells,
- Multiplying the number of fat cells. It then becomes difficult to eliminate the excess cells.
To assess the severity of the obesity, WHO (World Health Organisation) has defined categories in relation to the Body Mass Index (BMI), using the following formula: BMI = Weight / Height²
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT OBESITY
In addition, measuring the umbilical circumference, more commonly called the waist circumference, makes it possible to identify excess fat at the level of the stomach. When this measurement is more than 88 cm in women (excluding during pregnancy) or 102 cm in men, it is considered that there is abdominal obesity.
Finally, gynecoid obesity refers to excess fat situated essentially at the level of the thighs, as is generally the case in women (commonly called “saddlebags”). Android obesity is when the fat deposits are located principally at the level of the stomach (abdominal obesity).
You can find more information and others to talk to at the Forum for Obesity.
Article written under the supervision of Dr Marcel ICHOU, a general practitioner in Paris.
Sources: Global Database of Body Mass Index (WHO 2004)
For further information: http://www.obesity.org/obesity/resources/facts-about-obesity/what-is-obesity
Breakdown of 229 members impacted by Obesity on Carenity
Average age of our patients with Obesity
Do you want to talk to our members about this disease?
Join 150 000 patients registered on our platform, get information on your condition or on that of your family member, and discuss it with the community
It’s free and anonymous
Obesity on the forum
JosephineO participated in the discussion Difficult Diagnosis
JJdrum participated in the discussion Difficult Diagnosis