Treatments for multiple sclerosis: Patients share their opinions!
Published 18 Feb 2021 • By Clémence Arnaud
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an auto-immune disease that affects the central nervous system and progresses in the form of relapses. Different types of treatment are therefore necessary to act on the underlying causes of multiple sclerosis, but also to relieve the symptoms present during relapses.
What treatments currently exist for MS? How are they tolerated? What do patients with multiple sclerosis think about them?
We tell you everything in our article!
A few users on Carenity's French platform have described adverse side effects with Avonex®:
"I have been taking this treatment for almost a year now and I still have side effects. For me it is very important to take 2 acetaminophen tablets and 1 ibuprofen before the injection and to continue every 4 hours (even at night) for the first 2 days. Afterwards I have to monitor how I'm feeling; if I'm tired, I'll only take the 2 acetaminophen tablets and often it's enough".
Some treatments offer an alternative to injections with oral forms. This is the case for TECFIDERA®, for example, which is dual action medication with an anti-inflammatory and an immunomodulating effect.
"I have been taking Tecfidera for 5 yrs. I still get flushing sometimes. Feels like a sunburn on my face and chest for a while but not bad," describes a Carenity US member.
In a Tecfidera® discussion thread, a French member wrote:
"Hello, I have fully 'mastered' Tecfidera®! Everything's better now that I've implemented various tips: taking probiotics with meals, always carrying aspirin with me... I've established a routine and things are better than with Avonex®. I just feel really tired sometimes!"
AUBAGIO® also helps to reduce the frequency of MS flare-ups and thus to slow down the progression of the disease. It is indicated in forms of relapsing MS.
'I've been taking Aubagio® for three and a half years now. My hair got thinner at first but it's not a problem. It's only positive effects for me' explains a French Carenity user.
Immunosuppressive drugs (GILENYA®, MAVENCLAD®, TYSABRI®) are used when immunomodulating treatments are ineffective or when the patient has a fairly severe form of multiple sclerosis.
Monoclonal antibodies are also being developed to meet the needs of multiple sclerosis patients. OCREVUS® (ocrelizumab) targets the CD20 marker present on certain white blood cells (b-lymphocytes) that are involved in inflammatory processes.
A Carenity US member said: "I'm currently on Ocrevus® and my disease has not been a bit active since I started it, which is great."
Treatment for flare-ups:
Corticosteroids with their anti-inflammatory properties are used to treat relapses in multiple sclerosis. They are administered as an intravenous infusion. Methylprednisolone is the corticosteroid most often used.
Treatments for symptoms:
FAMPYRA® is a medicine used to improve walking ability in adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have a walking disability. A walking rehabilitation programme is recommended in parallel to this treatment.
"From the very first pills I took I recovered my endurance. Before I was tired after 20 minutes of walking, after starting the medicine I was able to restart four-hour-plus long hikes!", wrote a Carenity France member.
For another user on the French platform: "For me the Fampyra® worked really well in the beginning several years ago. However, I stopped it after consulting my neurologist because it caused me a lot of paraesthesia (pins and needles) in my legs and feet."
Medicines used to improve muscle performance, especially painful spasms, can be used in multiple sclerosis. Different compounds are available such as BACLOFEN or DANTROLENE.
Hope for future treatments:
Treatments for multiple sclerosis have improved dramatically in recent years. New therapeutic solutions are still being developed, including complementary techniques such as immunosuppression combined with neuroprotection. Neuroprotection would aim to protect neurons from irreversible damage caused during MS. Another technique called remyelination aims to increase the body's ability to repair damage to myelin, the sheath of neurons destroyed in MS patients.
A member of Carenity France commented: "My neurologist confirms that there are major advances being made in stem cell research and remyelination, which is the future for curing patients... Let us hope that they make progress quickly!"
Other treatments are also in development, such as ZEPOSIA® (ozanimob), which could soon be indicated as a first-line treatment for active forms of relapsing-remitting MS in France.
KESIMPTA® (ofatumumab) is a subcutaneously administered anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody indicated in patients with an active and relapsing form of MS. Kesimpta® was granted marketing authorisation by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration in August 2020 and by the European Medicines Agency in January 2021.
Be sure to consult your health care professional first if you have any questions about your treatment.
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