Asthma fact sheet

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the bronchial tubes, which, in most cases, is due to an allergy.

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What is Asthma?

This inflammation causes temporary airway obstruction by different mechanisms: swelling of the bronchial wall, the contraction of bronchial smooth muscle and hyper-secretion that will contribute to block the airway.

The severity of these symptoms varies from person to person. This condition can be controlled in most people most of the time.

This obstruction is unusual, unlike other respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) that can be almost 100% reversible. 

Asthma attacks cause difficulties in inhaling and especially in exhaling air from the lungs. It is a disease characterized by episodes of breathing difficulties.

Asthma complications

Occasionally, this symptoms can get progressively or suddenly worse. This is commonly called an "asthma attack".
 
If this attacks are too severe it might lead the patient to hospitalisation and if the care is not provided quickly, it might even cost the patient their life. 

It is important to know yourself well and know your disease:
- Avoid as much as possible to have a new crisis
- Monitor the breathing capacity and the breath
- Be organised in general
- Take all the medicines

This is why it is always important to stay alert, informed and with support of people who  understand. You can find more information on the Asthma Forum.

NHS

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